Individual transport of the future: fiscal effects of automation, connectivity and electrification
What are the fiscal effects of automation, connectivity and electrification? We contributed to this years “Jahrbuch Raumplanung” with a study analyzing the primary and secondary fiscal effects of this mobility transformation.
Although first discussed primarily from a purely technological perspective, the topic of automated and connected transport also begins to take root in interdisciplinary discourses in spatial planning and urban research. Here, the focus lies on primary or secondary effects that could be borne by these new phenomena in the mobility system. The secondary effects that are the subject of this text are the financial implications for public budgets caused by phenomena such as automation and connectivity, possible changes in vehicle ownership, sharing, and the need for (new) infrastructures (primary effects). A switch to electric drive (electrification of vehicles) is also considered, although it is not bound to automation. This paper qualitatively examines the fiscal effects of automation and connectivity in transport. For this purpose, the primary effects are analyzed on the basis of current international studies, and the resulting secondary effects are derived for Austria. Finally, the significance or value of the affected revenue and expenditure categories in the budgets of the provinces and municipalities in Austria with a special focus on Vienna is illustrated. Thereby, losses of sources of revenue like for example the standardised consumption tax, the motor-related insurance tax or the parking management which affect the budgets of Austrian provinces and municipalities directly or via the financial compensation as well as perspectives on the resulting investment requirements and subsequent costs for urban infrastructure are shown. Overall, it becomes clear that new sources of revenue would have to be developed if these effects occur cumulatively.
The article was published in german, please feel free to contact us if you want more information.
In: Suitner, Johannes; Dangschat S., Jens & Giffinger, Rudolf (2018): Raumplanung. Jahrbuch des Departments für Raumplanung der TU Wien 2018, Band 6. Wien-Graz: NWV. 2018
©NWV Neuer wissenschaftlicher Verlag, Wien – Graz 2018